Despite the health crisis that has hit the world hard, Morocco has decided to continue its reforms through several initiatives and projects, including the Generation Green 2020-2030 strategy, making 2021 a distinguished year on several levels. This strategy aims to increase agricultural productivity and resilience to climate change, as well as the economic integration of young people, particularly in rural areas.
It reinforces the overall vision of the agricultural sector which aims to create a solid and sustainable sector, in perfect harmony with other previous initiatives and programs in the field, in this case the Green Morocco Plan.
The strategy places the human element, especially young people, at the heart of its concerns. Thus, the program works to encourage this social category and to qualify it for agricultural activities, thus helping to improve household income and create thousands of new jobs, as it aims to develop and modernize the sector. agricultural so as to boost its resistance and resilience to the drought that Morocco has suffered in recent years.
This strategy has been highly praised by the international community. The World Bank welcomed this initiative “Unprecedented which will radically change the way Morocco sees its agricultural development”, And this “By abandoning the sole criterion of production in favor of an approach encompassing the strengthening of human capital, the development of livelihoods and the deployment of climate-friendly rural value chains”.
The World Bank had approved, at its board of directors meeting on December 15, 2020, a program to support this strategy with funding of $ 250 million.
“To attract young people to agriculture, the program will finance business creation and training programs for rural people, especially women. It will also work to attract private investment in the agri-food sector by removing regulatory and financial barriers to job creation ”, we read on the website of the World Bank.
“The program will promote a culture of entrepreneurship and equip rural youth with the tools and knowledge essential to introduce more sustainable and modern practices and technologies and, in so doing, build a climate-proof agri-food sector”, according to the Bretton Woods institution. In addition, Morocco and the French Development Agency (AFD) signed two financing agreements in July 2021 for a total amount of 150.6 million euros, in support of the Generation Green strategy.
AFD highlighted the economic, social and environmental challenges of the agricultural sector, believing that the Generation Green strategy “Emphasizes the revitalization of rural Moroccan territories by strengthening agricultural marketing infrastructure, the development of agricultural and para-agricultural entrepreneurship and the conversion of small farms to production methods more respectful of natural resources”.
Recently, a financing agreement of 114.03 million euros (approximately 1.184 billion dirhams) for the benefit of the Support Program for the Inclusive and Sustainable Development of Agricultural and Rural Areas (PADIDZAR), had been signed between Morocco and Morocco. African Development Bank (AfDB).
In addition, the Minister of Agriculture, Maritime Fisheries, Rural Development and Water and Forests, Mohamed Sadiki, launched on November 12 in Ain Sbit, Khemisset province, the program for direct sowing of cereals from the 2021-2022 agricultural campaign, which aims to improve the sector’s resilience in the face of climate change.
This technique helps maintain fertility, conserve soil moisture and strengthen organic matter, Mr. Sadiki said in a press statement on the occasion.
With this program, the ministry is devoting its orientation towards sustainable and eco-efficient agriculture in accordance with the provisions of the Generation Green 2020-2030 strategy, he argued.
As part of the implementation of the second axis of the first foundation of the strategy relating to the emergence of a new generation of young entrepreneurs, regional centers for young agricultural and agrifood entrepreneurs (CRJEAA) have been created in various regions of the region. Morocco.
Thus, the CRJEAA of the region of Rabat-Salé-Kénitra was launched last November, while the Regional Directorate of Agriculture of Tangier-Tétouan-Al Hoceima announced the creation of a CRJEAA on November 17 in Larache.
The regional agricultural directorates of these two regions will create annexes of these centers in their different prefectures and provinces, to guarantee the reception, orientation and awareness of all young entrepreneurs in the region. In addition, November 30 saw the launch of a national roadshow on “new generation” agricultural aggregation. Organized by the Agency for Agricultural Development in close collaboration with all the regional agricultural directorates, this event is part of the implementation of the Generation Green 2020-2030 strategy.
The main objective of this initiative is to sensitize and mobilize the various actors and stakeholders to boost the process of setting up new generation aggregation projects, a professional organization approach in the various agricultural value chains.
In short, 2021 has been a special year in terms of measures taken to implement the Generation Green strategy and make this innovative and effective program with economic, social and environmental dimensions succeed, which should constitute a qualitative leap in the agricultural sector in Morocco. .