Water deficit and rising input prices are the main reasons. Farmers have voluntarily reduced their production. Faced with rising demand, prices must have appreciated.
With its 14 fruit species, the arboriculture sector totaled a production of 2.17 million tonnes in 2021. While the sector plays an important socio-economic role by creating around 35 million working days annually in rural areas, it is now facing the challenge of climate change, the main factors of which are global warming and water deficit. Indeed, “the 2021-2022 campaign illustrates the effects of these changes well, since it was the driest with an average rainfall deficit of 50% and snow cover of 65% nationally”, underlines Tayab Snoussi. , President of FÉDAM (Interprofessional federation of the fruit tree growing sector).
Although the arboreal area equipped with drop-by-drop systems is approximately 141,000 ha, making it possible to save water supply to the orchards mainly through underground pumping, almost all the production basins (Sefrou, El Hajeb, Azrou, Midelt, Boumia, Beni Mellal, Marrakech….) is experiencing serious irrigation problems due to the lack of water, the extent of which varies depending on the region and the non-renewal of the water tables used to fill the …