Morocco’s delegation to the United Nations has made a right of reply to Algeria’s statement in reaction to Morocco’s national speech during the general debate of the 77th session of the UN General Assembly.
In this right of reply, the Moroccan delegation emphasizes that its Algerian counterpart saw fit to respond to the intervention of the Kingdom of Morocco in the general debate to reiterate its fallacious remarks on the question of the Moroccan Sahara, in order to try to escape its historically, legally and politically established responsibility in this regional dispute. In doing so, the Algerian delegation is trying in vain to mislead the international community.
The delegation of Morocco merely reiterated the decisions taken by the United Nations and the facts as established, demonstrating, before the UN General Assembly, through historical, political and legal evidence, through the decisions of the United Nations, as well as by the facts and actions of Algeria itself, that the latter is the main party to the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara, and that this dispute is a question of the territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Morocco.
In the right of reply, the Moroccan delegation notes that Algeria is mentioned 5 times in all the latest Security Council resolutions, including resolution 2602 of last October. It is mentioned the same number of times as Morocco, and the Council makes it a principal party to this dispute.
“Algeria itself declares itself the main party to this regional dispute. It should be recalled that in his letter of November 1975, to the Security Council, the former Algerian ambassador to the UN declared that the parties concerned and interested in the Sahara affair are Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. . This is recorded in Security Council document S/11880, for those who want to consult it,” the delegation said.
And to add that Algeria has officially reacted to all the proposals made, both by the UN Secretary General and his personal envoys, and by Morocco.
“Hasn’t Algeria officially refused the Framework Agreement proposed by former Personal Envoy James Baker? His letter to the UN Secretary-General in this regard is recorded in the Secretary-General’s report to the Security Council”, underlines the delegation, noting that Algeria is almost breaking its diplomatic relations and taking economic retaliatory measures against countries supporting the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative.
The Moroccan delegation also recalls that Algeria submitted, on November 2, 2001, in Houston, to the Personal Envoy of the then Secretary-General, James Baker, a proposal for the partition of the territory of the Moroccan Sahara and its population. What Morocco categorically refused.
“Algeria has created the +polisario + separatist armed group. It welcomes it on its territory, finances it generously, provides it with all the weapons and supports it diplomatically, by devoting to it all the means available in its diplomatic apparatus”, continues the delegation.
Contrary to the misleading assertions of Algeria, the question of the Moroccan Sahara is a question of territorial integrity and national unity of the Kingdom of Morocco, and in no way a so-called question of decolonization, underlines the delegation, noting that it is Morocco which put the question of the Moroccan Sahara, in 1963, on the agenda of the United Nations, to definitively recover its southern provinces.
“At that time, the separatist armed group, linked to terrorism in the Sahel, did not exist. It was created, more than ten years later, by Algeria to try to thwart the territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Morocco”, adds the same source.
Morocco definitively and irreversibly recovered its Sahara through the signing of the Madrid Agreement on November 14, 1975. This Agreement was registered with the Secretary General of the United Nations on November 18, 1975, and ratified by the General Assembly in its resolution 3458B of December 10, 1975.
The question of the Moroccan Sahara is on the agenda of the Security Council under Chapter VI of the UN Charter, on the peaceful settlement of disputes, as a regional dispute.
In the right of reply, the Moroccan delegation indicates that its Algerian counterpart continues to evoke an alleged referendum. Need we remind the Algerian delegation that the UN Secretary-General has concluded, after years of fruitless discussions, that the settlement plan and the referendum are inapplicable, particularly in his report S/2000/131 dated of 23/02/2000 (para 32), in which he states: “Despite the considerable efforts it has made under the authority of several successive special representatives, it has not been possible throughout this period (almost nine years) to fully implement any major provision of the settlement plan, with the exception of Ceasefire monitoring”, due to “fundamental differences of view between the parties regarding interpretation to its principal provisions”.
Based on this observation, the Security Council no longer mentions either the settlement plan or the referendum, which was contained therein, in any of its resolutions adopted since 2001.
No offense to the Algerian delegation, the so-called referendum is dead and buried, and despite its futile attempts, Algeria will never be able to resuscitate it, because the dead cannot be brought back to life, adds the delegation, noting that the only solution to which the Security Council calls, is the political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting and compromise solution to this regional dispute, in accordance with paragraph 2 of resolution 2602, embodied by the Moroccan autonomy initiative.
Regarding the process of round tables, and once again and unlike Algeria, Morocco is part of international legality. Indeed, the Round Tables process has been recorded, established and enshrined by the Security Council in all its resolutions since 2018, including resolution 2602, continues the source, noting that the Security Council has also enshrined the format as well as the participants who are: Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the “polisario”.
By attacking the process of round tables, Algeria is attacking international legality, embodied by the resolutions of the Security Council, the only authority responsible for examining the question of the Moroccan Sahara, according to the Moroccan delegation.
“The Algerian delegation seems to forget that its country participated in the first two round tables by two foreign ministers. Algeria must therefore participate actively and in good faith in the Round Tables, as requested by the Security Council and as it has already done twice”, insists the right of reply.
Regarding the biased references of the Algerian delegation to the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative, the delegation recalls that the pre-eminence of this Initiative has been enshrined in the 18 Security Council resolutions, since its presentation in 2007. These same resolutions welcomed the seriousness and credibility of the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative.
The Moroccan delegation stresses, in this context, that the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative, within the framework of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom, is the one and only solution to this regional dispute, supported by more than 90 Member States. of ONU.
“The Moroccan Autonomy Initiative is in accordance with international legality and United Nations resolutions,” the delegation affirmed, recalling that the population of the Moroccan Sahara enjoys all of its civil, political, social, economic and cultural. This population has democratically elected its representatives in the regional and national bodies of the Kingdom. These are the legitimate representatives of this population, who work daily to manage the affairs of the two southern regions of the Kingdom.
Stressing that the southern provinces of the Kingdom of Morocco enjoy the highest level of development in the entire North African region, the delegation specifies that 27 countries and regional organizations have opened consulates general in the Moroccan cities of Laâyoune and Dakhla.
With regard to the registration and census of the populations sequestered in the Tindouf camps, the Algerian delegation is, once again, at odds with legality and international conventions, because, points out the same source , since 2011, all the resolutions of the Security Council have constantly called on Algeria to allow the UNHCR to carry out a census of these populations.
“The 1951 Convention on Refugees requires Algeria, which is a State party to it, to allow the census of the populations of the camps, and to allow them to benefit from the three durable solutions, in order to guarantee their rights”, recalls the source. , adding that UNHCR is mandated to conduct a census of all camp populations. Which is allowed everywhere in the world, except in Algeria. The absence of this census allows the diversion of humanitarian aid intended for the populations sequestered in the Tindouf camps.
And to continue that the Algerian delegation contradicts itself by declaring, on the one hand, that the census is a technical question, and by conditioning it, on the other hand, by the political settlement. Algeria should know that international humanitarian law clearly distinguishes between the humanitarian aspects of disputes and the political questions concerning them. Algeria must stop exploiting the sequestered populations in the Tindouf camps for political purposes.
With regard to the proven links between the “polisario” and terrorist groups in the Sahel, the Moroccan delegation reminds its Algerian counterpart of the case of the terrorist Adnan Abou Walid al Sahraoui, a member of the “polisario” who has lived for a long time in the Tindouf camps, and who was the leader of the terrorist group “Islamic State in the Greater Sahara”, and who was killed last year. This is just one case, among others, of the “polisario”’s links with terrorism in the Sahel.
And to conclude that the Algerian delegation is called upon to favor the voice of reason and to engage seriously in the round table process, as requested by resolution 2602, to reach a definitive solution to this regional dispute, on the basis of the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative.